Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) is a leading cause of vision loss among people age 50 and older.
The macular provides sharp central vision. It is located in the back of the eye and it is the most sensitive part of the retina. The retina converts light into neural signals, and then send these signals to our brain for visual recognition. When the macula is damaged, your central vision appears distorted and blurry. This defect causes problems with reading, driving, watching TV and recognizing faces. You may also find the need for brighter light when reading, cooking, and performing daily activities. Some people experience impaired depth perception.
According to Dr. Dhaliwal, “...risk factors include age, smoking, race and family genetics.” By making healthy life choices along with regular eye exams, Dr. Dhaliwal may be able to slow down progression of ARMD.
Five things that can be done to reduce the risk of developing macular degeneration include:
- Do not smoke
- Eat health foods with a diet rich in green, leafy vegetables
- Eat fish high in omega-3 fatty acids
- Maintain normal blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol levels
- Exercise and wear sunglasses to protect your eyes from UV light
At Chicagoland Eye Consultants, a comprehensive dilated eye exam along with special testing can detect ARMD. We encourage you to ask our eye care professional, Dr. Dhaliwal, questions to help you better understand your diagnosis and treatment.